How Do Hybrid Cars Work?

The Features of Hybrid Cars

Conventional cars use the internal gas combustion engine. Electric cars use electricity only. Hybrid cars use internal combustion and an electric motor with a battery. Hybrids are either partially or wholly driven by electricity. These types of cars are more efficient on gasoline than the internal combustion-only engines. They also leave a smaller carbon footprint and a smaller hit to drivers' bank accounts than their pure gasoline counterparts.

The more advanced hybrids use larger batteries and the batteries can be recharged at an outlet or electricity outlet charging station. It allows cars to drive further distances on electricity before switching over to the internal combustion process. The hybrid parts increase the fuel efficiency of cars in a plethora of ways.

The regenerative braking is a method that transfers lost energy into electricity. While conventional cars rely on friction-only to slow down the car, the kinetic energy used to slow the car down is lost. With regenerative braking, the heat and energy lost from conventional braking is captured and transformed into energy and stored into a battery. The stored electricity may be used to accelerate and run the motor.

Some hybrids will switch off the conventional engine when the vehicle is stopped at a stop light or in park. This saves fuel, and the battery provides the energy needed to work the accessories and the air conditioner when stopped in traffic or in parked position. When the vehicle resumes motion, the conventional counterpart will resume its work.

The more efficient hybrids will use electric-only drives that use more electricity and less fuel, or only electricity and no fuel. For hybrids that cannot be charged at charging stations, the electric-only drive is only employed at very low speeds or startups, while the gas powered counterparts are used at higher speeds where gasoline consumption is most efficient. Generally, cars with larger batteries can drive on electricity at high speeds for extended distances for up to 50 miles.

The science between hybrids and electric vehicles are distinguishable. If hybrids cannot be recharged at a charging station, they are not really electric vehicles; they are just efficient gasoline-based vehicles. A vehicle that runs on electricity and can be plugged in at charging stations and runs on gasoline is a true hybrid and are much more fuel-efficient. Electric-only motors and batteries that use stored hydrogen gas to convert into electricity by using a fuel cell is an electric-based car. The relatively new vehicles are coming to market, but they are alternatives to conventional vehicles.

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